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Eyes turn skyward as Venus travels across sun

From the U.S. to South Korea, people around the world turned their attention to the daytime sky on Tuesday and early Wednesday in Asia to make sure they caught the once-in-a-lifetime sight of the transit of Venus.

For some astronomers, it wasn’t just a rare planetary spectacle as it won’t be seen for another 105 years. They hoped the passage of Venus between the Earth and the sun would spark curiosity about the universe and our place in it.

Sul Ah Chim, a researcher at the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute in South Korea, said he hoped people see life from a larger perspective, and “not get caught up in their small, everyday problems.”

“When you think about it from the context of the universe, 105 years is a very short period of time and the Earth is only a small, pale blue spot,” he said.

While astronomers used the latest technology to document the transit, American astronaut Don Pettit aboard the International Space Station was planning to take photos of the event and post them online.

In Mexico, at least 100 people lined up two hours early to view the event through telescopes or one of the 150 special viewing glasses on hand, officials said. Observation points were also set up at a dozen locations.

Venus, which is extremely hot, is one of Earth’s two neighbours and is so close in size to our planet that scientists at times call them near-twins. During the transit, it will appear as a small dot.

The transit is happening during a 6-hour, 40-minute span that began just after 2200 GMT. What you can see and for how long depends on what the sun’s doing in your region during that exact window, and the weather.

Those in most areas of North and Central America will see the start of the transit until the sun sets, while those in western Asia, the eastern half of Africa and most of Europe will catch the transit’s end once the sun comes up.

In Hawaii, astronomers planned viewings at Waikiki Beach, Pearl Harbor and Ko Olina. At Waikiki, officials planned to show webcasts as seen from telescopes from volcanoes Mauna Kea on the Big Island and Haleakala on Maui.

NASA planned a watch party at its Goddard Visitor Centre in Maryland with solar telescopes, “Hubble-quality” images from its Solar Dynamics Observatory Mission and expert commentary and presentations.

Experts from Hong Kong’s Space Museum and local astronomical groups were organising a viewing on Wednesday outside the museum’s building on the Kowloon waterfront overlooking the southern Chinese city’s famed Victoria Harbour.

This will be the seventh transit visible since German astronomer Johannes Kepler first predicted the phenomenon in the 17th century. Because of the shape and speed of Venus’ orbit around the sun and its relationship to Earth’s annual trip, transits occur in pairs separated by more than a century.

It’s nowhere near as dramatic and awe-inspiring as a total solar eclipse, which sweeps a shadow across the Earth, but there will be six more of those this decade.

LinkedIn works with FBI on password theft

* LinkedIn does not know of any accounts that were taken over

* Not able to determine if email addresses were also stolen

By Jim Finkle and and Joseph Menn

June 7 (Reuters) – LinkedIn Corp is working with the FBI as the social network for job seekers and professionals investigates the theft of 6.4 million member passwords, the company said on Thursday.

The company does not know of any accounts that were taken over as a result of the security violations, according to LinkedIn spokesman Hani Durzy.

A spokeswoman with the FBI declined to comment.

LinkedIn is still in the early stages of the investigation. Durzy said it was not yet determined whether the email addresses that corresponded to the hacked passwords were also stolen.

On Wednesday, LinkedIn confirmed that millions of passwords were stolen.

The company said on Thursday it would disable passwords that had been compromised and force customers to reset them. The company sent affected members emails explaining how to change their passwords.

Several security experts said that LinkedIn’s stolen passwords had not been adequately secured and that the company did not employ best practices utilized by the world’s largest websites.

When asked to comment on that criticism, Durzy said that LinkedIn had already boosted the security of its database. “We place the highest value on the security of our members’ data,” he said.

Online dating service eHarmony warned on Wednesday that some of its user passwords had been breached after security experts discovered scrambled files with passwords for millions of online accounts.

The dating website’s contents are sensitive and could subject compromised members to embarrassment or even extortion attempts, experts said.

The attack on LinkedIn did not last long as the latest in a series of security breaches that could affect sensitive consumer data.

On Thursday,, which recommends music to users based on the songs they already listen to, also warned its website visitors to change their passwords after a leak which may have resulted from a hacking attack.

“We’re sorry for the inconvenience around changing your password,” the London-based company wrote.

It is unclear if the three attacks are all related. Web application security expert Jeremiah Grossman said on Twitter that all three companies used common Apache software for serving web pages to visitors, though that doesn’t mean that there is a new flaw in the program.

The series of problems underscored the continuing issues with passwords, which are best complex, different for each site and changed every few months.

Major breaches often lead to scam emails and account takeovers, which can be used to convince acquaintances of the target to click on dangerous links that monitor online credit card or bank account use.

LinkedIn caters to companies seeking employees and people scouting for jobs. It has more than 161 million members worldwide and makes money by selling marketing services and premium subscriptions.

Shares of LinkedIn closed up 1.1 percent at $94.13 on Thursday on the New York Stock Exchange.

[This article was originally published by, 08 Jun 2012]

Emraan Hashmi gives Shanghai world premiere a miss

Shanghai director Dibakar Banerjee and lead actors Abhay Deol and Kalki Koechlin were in attendance at the film’s star-studded world premiere here but missing from the action was co-star Emraan Hashmi.

Pics: IIFA 2012 opens with a bang

The film’s screening on the first day of the IIFA weekend saw Bollywood stars Dia Mirza, Zoya Akhtar, Sameera Reddy and Chitrangada Singh turn out in their designer outfits, but his co-stars and fans missed Emraan.

Read: Your IIFA Diary: Shanghai’s stylish stars

“We really wanted Emraan to be here with us but he has fallen ill and could not come to Singapore. The hectic promotional schedules have taken a toll on all of us,” said Kalki while walking the green carpet laid out here at the Shaw Theatres Lido where the film was premiered.

“Is Emraan Hashmi here? I really want to see him. I have watched all his films, Jannat, Jannat 2. He is not coming?” asked a fan, who had turned up at the venue to take a look at the star.

But others from the Bollywood brigade made up for Emraan’s absence with their enthusiasm for the movie, a political thriller, set in a fictitious small town called Bharat Nagar.

“Dibakar is my favourite director. I have watched the film already and today I will be watching it for the second time this week. I loved the film,” said Zoya.

Chitrangada echoed her, “I have huge expectations from the film. Dibakar always delivers. Abhay is such a fabulous actor and he chooses different kind of roles.”

Kalki, who plays the female lead in the film, attended the screening without her filmmaker husband Anurag Kashyap.

“Even Anurag is very excited about Shanghai. He has watched the film and is jealous of Dibakar,” she said.

[ this article was originally published on Press Trust of India | Thursday, June 07, 2012 (Singapore) ]

Spain set to achieve historic treble

Germany and The Netherlands are the other candidates to wrest its crown

Poland gets the honour of opening Euro 2012 on Friday against surprise 2004 winner Greece, but it would take a major upset to see either team or co-host Ukraine progress as far as the July 1 final in Kiev.

Instead, few people would disagree with UEFA president Michel Platini, who has predicted a repeat of the 2008 Spain-Germany final, as a major football championship goes behind the former Iron Curtain for the first time.

Holder and world champion Spain is aiming for an unprecedented three titles in a row for a European country, while Germany is intent on avenging its defeat in 2008 and two years later in the World Cup semifinal.

But some believe that La Roja’s fluid passing game, which wore down opponents in the past, is vulnerable.

Missing Puyol

Vicente del Bosque’s side is also missing talismanic defender Carles Puyol and all-time record scorer David Villa through injury, while question marks remain over the form of Chelsea striker Fernando Torres and Puyol’s Barca central defence partner Gerard Pique.

Young central defender Javi Martinez, though, believes they can make up for the absences of Puyol and Villa.

“Those who have been selected can do as well as they did, why not better?

“With the help of everybody, I think that their absence will not be noticed,” he said.

Germany, for its part, has looked like the natural heir to the Spanish crown after a young and vibrant team impressed at the 2010 World Cup and qualified for Euro 2012 with a perfect record.

Friendly defeats at home to France in February and in May to Switzerland, though, have raised last-minute doubts.

Mental strength

Questions have also been asked about whether the team’s Bayern Munich stars have the mental strength to pick themselves up not only from their Bundesliga and German cup final defeats to Borussia Dortmund and Champions League loss to Chelsea.

Germany team manager Oliver Bierhoff — scorer of the golden goal that brought the country its last European crown in 1996 — has been trying to downplay expectations.

“‘Pride comes before the fall’ is our favourite saying these days,” said the 44-year-old.

“The confidence levels are high, but there is still a high rate of insecurity as to what the team can and can’t do.

“In 2006 (when Germany hosted the World Cup), it was unclear if the team could or would withstand the pressure. We went on to finish third, then at 2010 we had a very young team and we didn’t know if they would gel into a team.

“Now we know what is possible. However, we also saw this team in a different guise against France and Switzerland, but we know expectations are high amongst the German public.”

Should either Spain or Germany fail to shine, the Netherlands is obvious candidate to take advantage and add a second European title to the one it won in 1988.

The Dutch have no shortage of class, but as in previous major tournaments, they have a tendency to self-destruct.

This time round, coach Bert van Maarwijk’s decision to play one upfront could be the spark for dissent in the Oranje camp.

van Maarwijk has chosen Arsenal star Robin van Persie — fresh from 30 goals in the English Premier League — over Schalke 04′s Klaas-Jan Huntelaar, who top scored in the Bundesliga last season with 29.

Group of death

Any discord could be fatal in the so-called “Group of Death”, opening the door to out-of-form Portugal or solid, if unspectacular, Denmark.

Of the others, injury-hit England for once travels with such low expectations in Roy Hodgson’s first campaign in charge that even making the quarterfinals could be hailed as a success.

It faces two-time European champion and Group D favourite France, which arrives on the back of a 21-game unbeaten streak and with genuine hopes that it can go far in the tournament.

Certainly, it should aim to avoid making it three straight tournaments where it has failed to negotiate the group stage and for Platini, it is the dark horse, though, ghosts of the 2010 World Cup debacle still loom large.

“I think they’re a team that people will have to watch — if they get off the bus,” he joked, referring to the farcical scene in 2010 when they went on strike and refused to train.


[This article was originally published on The Hindu, WARSAW, June 8, 2012]

Raising Money 101: It’s a Selling Moment

The recent Broadway revival of Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman got me thinking about the differences between the pitches I hear from entrepreneurs, and why some succeed and others don’t.

Willy Loman’s character did much to lower our society’s already low opinion of sales and selling, but the fact remains that the concept, if not the actual act, of selling is a vital process in our economic system. For example, if you’re an entrepreneur looking for financing, you are selling an idea to a buyer – usually a venture capitalist like me.

Overcoming the Attention Deficit Problem

Everyone with a smart phone is suffering from an attention deficit problem, including VCs. Your future prospects and customers are inundated with too much information and too many choices. Translation: Get to the point. Now. In fact, I should have started this article by telling you that!

It sounds simple… yet rare is the pitch I sit through that includes a concise summary of the mission and values of the company and a one sentence explanation of what the company does. This is problematic, because part of what we look for when investing in a company are people who can chop complexity out of the business and clearly articulate what they do and why it’s important. Often when I ask for clarity on these points, I don’t get clear and simple answers.

The real problem with an inability to nail “the what” is that it suggests that you have not thought through your business sufficiently to explain it in a concise manner. It was the 15th century mathematician Blaise Pascal who wrote, “I am sorry to have wearied you with so long a letter but I did not have time to write you a short one.”

I’m sure you get the point. An elevator pitch is not important because you can deliver it to a guy in an elevator, it’s important because it demonstrates you’ve thought through your business sufficiently to know why it matters.

What really gets my attention is a concise description of why the thing you are most passionate about matters to the rest of us. If I’m listening to four new business ideas each day, they can’t all be good enough to make me sit up and take interest. Make sure yours is the one that breaks through the noise. Otherwise, all of the distractions I have in my life will creep back into my brain and crowd out the message you are trying to convey.

So start with your lead, not your market slide. And if you can’t tell me clearly your company’s value-add, the problem it solves and why your idea is different in under a minute, you shouldn’t be pitching it yet.

Overcoming “No”

The fundraising process is tough, and it’s made tougher by the fact that venture capitalists say “no” most (read: almost all) of the time. Statistically, we fund less than one-half of one percent of the ideas that come through the door. Those are pretty daunting odds. But they’re not unlike the odds of success you’ll face once you’re in business.

The difference between the entrepreneurs who overcome those odds and those who don’t are those who won’t take no for an answer. And that’s a quality we screen from the very first meeting.

Presenting your idea is not enough. You have to sell your idea and passionately convince an investor that you’re worthy of the risk you’re asking them to take—as well as the time and money they will invest in your company.

You also have to convince your investors that you have the courage of your convictions. We want to know if you’re the kind of leader who will break through barriers and keep going despite countless setbacks. You’re going to face a lot of rejection and you need to be fearless.

Now even though I’ve just said you have to break through barriers, the catch is that I don’t want you to be hard-headed.

We want people who are convinced they have an answer, but not operating with the belief that they have all the answers. There’s a difference. Good sales people are good listeners, naturally inquisitive and they actively ask their buyers for feedback. After your next pitch, try asking the firm’s partners what they think.

Surprisingly, very few ask that question, but it is a question that signifies the entrepreneur who is flexible, self-aware, and would probably make a good partner. Don’t be afraid – you might be surprised with what you hear and you’ll probably glean some useful insights that will make your next presentation even stronger.

Finally, ask about next steps and send a follow-up note. I’m always shocked with the lack of follow up from entrepreneurs who have come in and pitched me, but leave it in my court to follow up.

The start-up world lives and dies based on the cash it raises. During its lifetime, the average start-up will likely require several rounds of funding, so being good at raising money is critical. Being a good salesman is also important because the act of selling doesn’t just happen when you’re asking for money – it happens when you’re building a team, when you’re selling your first product, when you’re looking for partners, and when you’re trying to inspire your employees. So be concise.

Show passion. Be fearless in your follow up. And finally, be brave enough to ask for feedback. All of these things will make you more credible, and most importantly, more likeable. Because you don’t want to end up like Willy Loman.

[This article was originally published by CHARLES MOLDOW at, 03 Jun 2012]

Why fall in love with a geek!

Remember the days when geeks were considered to be lousy lovers? Back to the present, the scene has changed.

Strangely now, being a geek is the in thing. Forget all those romantic movies where a geek is made a sacrificial lamb. It’s no longer the case. Girls today consider geeks as cool and great lovers too.

Here are reasons why you must fall in love with a geek

A geek’s first priority is you: You mean the world to him and he will go out of his way to prove that. If a geek has to choose between hanging out with friends and spending time with you, he would definitely choose the latter. They are loyal and expect the same from you too. And if you happen to marry him, then you have found a great husband and a doting father for your kid.

Geeks are romantic: We live in a techno-age where guys find it better to send e-cards than spend on real cards or roses. While most men find it too silly to leave love notes, a geek actually loves to do this to make an impression and make you feel important. A geek will make every effort to profess his love for you in the most romantic ways.

Geeks are brainy: A geek is immensely talented and never gives up when it comes to learning a skill. In fact, he will be the trouble shooter should your computer breakdown. Geeks are great problem solvers.

Geeks can be fun to be with: A geek would rather prefer to spend time playing video games and surfing the internet than going out. So there’s no way you will get bored with him. He’ll keep you occupied with several interesting activities. What’s more? You can learn from him too, he will only be too glad to teach.

Geeks are genuine: The psychology of geek goes something like ‘I am lucky enough to have found a girl’ and thus he wouldn’t want to risk cheating on you for the fear of losing you. A geek believes in long term relationships.

Geeks are sensitive: They are so loving, courteous and broad minded people that they wouldn’t hurt you. A person with a big heart, they are sensitive to your emotions.

Geeks are self-confident: A geek might be naive, but never once does he display lack of confidence or determination. Even though they don’t care much about their looks, theirintellectual competence does bother them. Also, urban dictionary defines geeks as “people you pick on in high school and wind up working for as an adult.” Hence, if you are dating a geek, you know he was a good catch!

[This article was originally published at The Times of India by Reshmi AR]

Gold crosses Rs 30,000-level, zooms Rs 960

 Gold prices breached Rs 30,000 mark for the first time today on heavy buying by stockists and retailers amid strong overseas trend, triggered by global financial uncertainty which has increased the metal’s appeal as a safe investment haven.

Gold shot up by a hefty Rs 960 to touch a record high of Rs 30,300 per 10 grams in line with global rally where it jumped the most in ten months.

Traders said gold, both of 99.9 and 99.5 per cent purity, recorded the biggest single day gain of Rs 960 each to Rs 30,300 and Rs 30,160 per 10 grams, respectively.

Sovereign also shot up by Rs 350 to Rs 24,200 per piece of eight grams.Marketmen said signs of weakening job growth in the US and deepening euro-zone debt crisis has increased metal’s appeal. Increased demand from investors further fuelled the trading sentiment, they added.

In New York, gold jumped 4.24 per cent to $1,626.30 an ounce, the biggest rise since August 8.

Gold prices in global markets usually sets the trend in the domestic markets.

Silver, in the bullion market here, also rose by Rs 650 to Rs 54,550 per kg in the local market. In New York, the metal rose by 3.5 per cent to USD 28.68 an ounce, the largest gain in two weeks.

Silver ready surged by Rs 650 to Rs 54,550 and weekly-based delivery by Rs 880 to Rs 54,510 per kg.

Silver coins spurted by Rs 1,000 to Rs 65,000 for buying and Rs 66,000 for selling of 100 pieces.

 [This article was originally posted on Times of India, 02 June, 2012

Petrol prices cut by Rs. 2 a litre

After the sharp criticism over the steepest hike, petrol price was on Saturday cut by Rs 2.02 rpt 2.02 per litre, a partial rollback of the Rs 7.54 a litre increase effected more than a week ago.

The reduction, a result of fall in international oil prices, will mean that petrol in Delhi will cost Rs 71.16 per litre from Saturday midnight, as against Rs 73.18 at present.

The decision, flowing out of the fortnightly review by oil marketing companies, came as some relief for consumers battered by double-digit inflation and the May 24 hike which was the steepest ever that came on top of two increases in a year.

The May 23 hike had come under sharp attack from all political parties including allies like TMC and DMK and some ministers in the UPA and there was all-round demand for a rollback.

The Left and NDA had on Thursday organised a nationwide strike in protest against the hike.

Last week’s steep Rs 7.54 per litre hike was done considering an average gasoline price of USD 124.37 per barrel and a rupee-dollar exchange rate of Rs 53.17 in the first fortnight of May.

Gasoline price have since fallen to $115.77 per barrel in the second fortnight but rupee-dollar rate has worsened to Rs 54.96 to a US dollar during the period.

The fall meant that petrol rates be cut by Rs 1.68 per litre, excluding local sales tax or VAT. In Delhi, after including 20 per cent VAT, the reduction will be Rs 2.02 a litre.

Price may come down further in Delhi

The price of petrol which has come down to 71.16 per litre in Delhi could further decrease by 92 paise when a proposal by the Delhi government to cut VAT on increased component of the fuel comes into effect.

Petrol would cost Rs. 70.24 when the Delhi government implements its decision to forego VAT on the hiked price of the fuel.

Presenting the budget on May 28, 2012, Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit had announced slashing the VAT on the hiked price of petrol.

The budget will be taken up for passage on Monday and once proposal is cleared, the government would issue a notification effecting the cut in prices.

As per the earlier calculation, forgoing the VAT on increased price of petrol would have resulted a cut in petrol price by Rs. 1.26.

[This article was originally posted on The Hindu, NEW DELHI, June 2, 2012]


Is Interpersonal communication necessary?

Every human needs to interact to each other and that needs some kind of skills for better conversation and to know the things in a better way. The necessity is of having the strong interpersonal skills. Interpersonal skills are defined as the communication between two individuals or in a group. It helps us in understanding that how and why people behave to each other in different ways so constructs and negotiate a social reality. Interpersonal communication comes from the different kind of backgrounds. The people talk in different ways because of their culture, their gender and how they learned to perceive the world.  Through engaging with each other, interpersonal communication skills help to get knowledge about other individual. Every culture is different in number of ways as well as in verbal or non-verbal languages and consequently cultural diversity can strain the organizational communication.

It is important to have discussion among the society and group of individuals to understand their feelings, emotions, and their culture because the society grow of and increase the relationship to each other because of the good interpersonal skills. Interpersonal communication skills not only help in the societies but also help for the organizations to understand their customers’ requirement and to know them better. It has been found in the organizations that if the employee of the company does not know about the diverse cultural background and don’t experience and understand the perspectives of his co-workers then the effective communication between the team is Jeopardized. Interpersonal communication skills differ at some levels such as while talking with the family members, while talking in the society, and while talking in the organization. For every aspects of life interpersonal skills are very important and this analysis below also describes the same with the example of an organization, and impacts of the interpersonal communication skills on the team members and overall to the organizations. The important aspects are to analyse the different culture and different languages in case of the interpersonal communication skills.

For interpersonal communication there have been a number of researches for its effectiveness and importance to the people, society and organizations. According to Beavin states in his research for a cultural diversity and interpersonal communication in Toronto’s major hotels, as language barriers made it very difficult to the hotel managers to understand the non-English employees and to give feedback to them so that they can improve their jobs and can understand the basic environment of the hotel. There have been few theories studied for the interpersonal communication skills such as assimilation theory, dichotomous theory, or discourse theory or analysis. According to discourse theory, it asks how certain sort of talk and writing can accomplish the particular goals such as exclusions, blaming and justifications.  Studying the language we talk about diversities in identities is important because as Parker points out that language is so much structured for the mirror power relations that often we can see no other way of being, and the ideology towards it become very difficult to speak both in and against it.

The anthropologist E.T Hall  also developed a theory for the interpersonal communication to understand the implications of culture. Hall stated about the two different aspects of the interpersonal communication as high context and low context. High contexts emphasized on the collaboration and personal relationships as important aspects of doing business but on the other hand the low context culture, explicit writing and  verbal messages that mostly happens in western countries like Unites States of America, Germany, Canada and Switzerland. Not only this there have been lot of research in this areas as according to Floyd and Kory that in organizations interpersonal communication is very important and it has been found that the big global organizations get issues if not properly cared about the interpersonal skills development and training.

According to Taya R,  there are some inherent dielectrics in interpersonal communication are the important key for the healthy conversations in the organizations and understanding among the people. He states that the human who are in relationship tries to find equilibrium among the people to balance their life with the interpersonal communication so that they can open to each other and understand to each other easily. If there is not much perfect communication between them it may lead to consequences. Therefore, all depends on the interpersonal communication skills.

Interpersonal communication is always necessary and important for any organization or in society.  For an example, in Information technology sector while moving from region in to another for the global expansion of business many organizations focuses on the information technology expertise and its future impacts but overlook for the team communication skills and interpersonal communication ability. It has been found that many IT professionals are good in their domain but are not good enough in the soft skills which lead to the problem to the organization at global scale because the team need to understand the diverse culture to make strong presence and to reach to the customers as well as to make relationship among different team members in the organization that they belong to the diverse culture and language too.  To sort out this issue, in the organization the executive member of the organization held a training session for the employees so that the interpersonal communication problem can be resolved and the environment and employees and customer relations can be made strong.

Interpersonal communication is the core requirement for the humans to get in touch with the other individuals and to know them better. It depends on the culture, family and the present environment around you. As based on the earlier research it has been found that the biggest problem for the big global organizations is of the team communication among them and because of that the organizations get in to trouble. The final conclusion is that interpersonal skills are always important in the human’s life forever because no one can live his life alone.


Advisory Board (JAB) is likely to make changes in the current IIT-JEE pattern from 2013. The ministry plans to hold a new exam, Indian Science Engineering Eligibility Test (ISEET) replacing the two existing IIT-JEE and AIEEE exams. It will be designed by ISI Kolkata and the Ramasami Committee and is planned as a SAT-type test. It is likely to be held online from 2014. The paper test is supposed to stay on until the online system stabilizes. It will be responsible for admission in engineering and science courses in institutes like 15 IITs, 30 NITs and other prestigious technical institutes.

Summary of how the proposed JEE will look like:

  1. 1.     One Entrance Test for all centrally funded engineering institutions.

A common aptitude-cum-advanced knowledge test, ISEET, will replace the IIT JEE and AIEEE in 2013.

  1. 2.     The exam will be conducted twice in a year.

The Human Resource and Development ministry has said that the exam which is conducted in April will have a second edition in November or December.

  1. 3.     The percentile for JEE will consider one language subject for eligibility.

Another change that is bound to bowl out the students appearing for JEE is that the percentile which is considered for the eligibility will also include one language subject.

  1. 4.     Consideration of class 12th result for JEE.

The school board marks will have 40 per cent weight in deciding admissions, thereby reducing the test scores weightage to 60 per cent only.

  1. 5.     JEE will consist of two papers.

There will be one main paper (30 per cent) for simple aptitude testing to assess scholastic levels, and one advanced paper (30 per cent) for each subject. Students will sit for the main paper in the morning and advanced in the afternoon.

  1. 6.     Students will be given a special rank.

A rank provided by the Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTI) will be given to students according to Class 12 results, main paper and advanced paper. Students will receive individual marks for each section.

  1. Students will have to submit two separate application forms.

Students will have to submit an application form for JEE and another to the institutes that they want to apply to.



ISEET has some inevitable outcomes-

The proposal of conduction of exam twice in a year is expedient because a student who scored badly in April can appear for the second exam when it happens. This will also mean that the admission process for IITs and other central-funded institutes have to be conducted again after the initial admissions in June. The institutions are not too happy with the idea of two admission seasons in the same year as it may disrupt their schedule.

It is good that class 12 marks are given some importance. Faculty from the IITs felt the new exam could make it easier for weaker students to gain entry to the IITs. They also feel that giving 40 percentage weightage to class 12th exam is unfair as different boards have different standards. Competition among states to send more of their students to IIT will be increased, for which they will facilitate scoring through easy exams lenient checking.

The idea of inclusion of a language subject appears to be excellent as many students neglect them to concentrate on their Physics, Chemistry and Maths group to gain an entry into IIT even though language skills are important in career. But the Students are not exactly pleased with this inclusion because this will hamper their studies and they will have to study the language subject which may bring down their percentile score.

The aim behind such a reformation could be to promote more brilliant students but it will put more stress on students. Now they will have a three tire exam (boards plus Aptitude plus Knowledge Test) and pressure of excelling at each level.  Thus, the study hours of students will be increased thereby affecting the overall health, brain stress, eyesight and other social and cultural activities of students.

The proposal is economically unviable for now a student will run to more number of coaching to do well in aptitude test too. In the shade of multi-directional development of students which is always good for achieving goals of practical life, the coaching will flourish more mostly in rural parts with a hidden agenda of earning more by fake promises of overall development of students as required.

The new pattern increases the entry of students of metropolitan city. These students have good environment to develop the aptitude skill and English proficiency. The students of rural areas and middle city are normally weak in this field.

There will be an increase in organised corruption at school/college level, who would like more of their students to qualify the entrance exam by scoring more in board exams by malpractice and it will be impossible to control because of the fact that board exams are conducted at millions of centres in India. The real intelligent aspirants will certainly lag behind if many students with forged marks come up. Moreover, since the answer sheets of board exams are evaluated manually so it becomes difficult to achieve uniformity in marks given by two different examiners for the same solution. Huge number of court cases to bring a stay on ISEET from parent and students as they will feel cheated due to copying paper leaks.

Most states expressed appreciation for the new format and said they would use it for admission to their engineering colleges, but Tamil Nadu had reservations. The state gives 100 per cent weightage to school board scores and intends to continue doing so. Bengal, Orissa, Himachal Pradesh and Pondicherry have sought more time to look into the proposal.